Initiated by Hu Dunfu, Feng Zuxun, Zhou Meiquan, Jiang Lifu, Xiong Qinglai, Chen Jiangong, Su Buqing, Jiang Zehan, Qian Baozong, Fu Zhongsun, etc., it was established in Shanghai Jiaotong University on July 25, 1935. Hu Dunfu and other 9 directors were elected, Xiong Laiqing and other 11 members of the board of directors, Qian Baoqiong and other 21 members of the board of directors were elected, and Hu Dunfu was elected chairman of the board of directors. At that time, the residence was in the China Science Society at 533 Alpei Road (now Shaanxi South Road) in Shanghai. In 1940, because China Mathematical Society's case was revoked by the authorities, on September 15, members of the Mathematical Society established the "New China Mathematical Society" at Southwest Associated University in Kunming to replace the original Mathematical Society and held the first annual meeting of New China Mathematical Society, at which Jiang Lifu was elected president. In October 1948, 10 academic organizations held a joint annual meeting in Nanjing and decided that New China Mathematical Society would restore its original name, Chinese Mathematical Society, and restore its branches around the country. On July 10, 1949, Chinese Mathematical Society officially resumed. In August 1951, Chinese Mathematical Society held its first National Congress in Beijing, announcing the re-establishment of Chinese Mathematical Society and the election of Hua Luogeng as the chairman of the first Council. In January 1952, it was approved and registered by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Central People's Government and was the first to join the China Association for Science and Technology in 1958. Since the founding of New China, the Society has been located in Beijing. Its previous chairmen are Hua Luogeng, Wu Wenjun, Wang Yuan, Yang Le, Zhang Gongqing, Ma Zhiming, Wen Lan, Wang Shicheng and Yuan Yaxiang. Currently, it is the 12th Council.